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EUR/USD. Steep plunge: The pair has hit multi-week price lows

The EUR/USD pair is plunging across all pairs, developing a downtrend. The EUR/USD bears managed to overcome the support level of 1.0770 (the upper limit of the Kumo cloud on the daily chart) – this is a multi-week price low (since March 27). The next barrier is at the 1.0650 mark (Kijun-sen line on the weekly chart). The key fundamental factor, thanks to which the greenback is gaining momentum, is still in force, so the downtrend is unlikely to weaken by the end of the current week. This refers to the threat of default in the U.S. The threat is not diminishing, but on the contrary, it's becoming stronger and more tangible with each day.

The situation is contradictory. On the one hand, everyone understands that the parties will eventually come to an agreement, as has been the case year after year. On the other hand, the world press continues to escalate the situation, modeling catastrophic scenarios if the US were to default on the national debt for the first time in history. And although there is a low probability of this scenario, it cannot be completely ruled out. Therefore, the conditional probability of "0.0 (...) 1%" is taken quite seriously by the market, with all the ensuing consequences.

Threat of Default or Groundless Panic?

The dollar is a beneficiary of the current situation. Due to the rising panic in the markets, the greenback is in high demand, including in the EUR/USD pair. Recent events suggest that in the coming days, American politicians are unlikely to find common ground on the issue of raising the debt limit. At least because the main "negotiator" - Joe Biden - is currently at the G7 summit in Japan. And although the US president cut his schedule, canceling a visit to Australia, he won't return to the US until Saturday. Therefore, at least until the end of this week, the situation will remain in a state of limbo, allowing the dollar bulls to feel confident in all currency pairs. The EUR/USD pair will not be an exception here.

Before heading to Japan, Biden declared he is confident, saying talks with congressional Republicans have been productive. According to him, he will maintain close contact with them during the trip and will hold face-to-face negotiations upon arrival. The White House head also reassured journalists that the U.S. would not default on the national debt.

Judging by the dynamics of the greenback, market participants reacted skeptically to Biden's optimistic statements, partly because he voiced similar rhetoric last weekend, ahead of another failed negotiation round. The seriousness of the situation is also indicated by the fact that Biden unexpectedly canceled planned trips to Australia and Papua New Guinea.

Therefore, traders' skepticism, in my opinion, is quite justified, as the parties only declare their intentions to make a deal, but it is assumed that the corresponding conditions put forward will be met.

As we know, the Republicans claim that an increase in the spending limit can only take place on the condition of significant spending cuts. In particular, they propose cutting tax credits for the purchase of electric cars and the installation of solar panels, as well as reducing government spending on education loan repayment. Democrats, on the other hand, reject such proposals and insist on raising the debt limit without any preliminary conditions.

To date, the sides have not been able to find a compromise, and this fact is supporting the safe dollar.

Growth of Hawkish Expectations

It should be emphasized that the dollar is strengthening its positions not only due to growing risk-off sentiments. The recent statements by Fed officials, which had a "hawkish hue", also lent support to the greenback. Despite the slowdown in US inflation, many members of the Fed do not rule out further steps to tighten monetary policy. For instance, Dallas Fed's head Lorie Logan stated that the incoming data "supports a rate hike at the next meeting."

This position, in one interpretation or another, was voiced by other representatives of the US central bank – specifically, Loretta Mester, Thomas Barkin, Raphael Bostic, and John Williams.

The market reacted to the tightening of rhetoric accordingly: according to the CME FedWatch Tool, the probability of a 25-point rate hike at the June meeting is currently 32%. For comparison, it should be noted that at the beginning of May, the chances of realizing a 25-point scenario were estimated at 5-8%.

Conclusions

The US dollar continues to enjoy high demand – firstly, amid risk aversion, and secondly – due to the growth of hawkish expectations regarding the future actions of the Fed. Such fundamental conditions contribute to the development of a bearish trend. If the Republicans and Democrats do not surprise the markets with an unexpected compromise, then the EUR/USD pair will likely keep heading towards the base of the 7th figure, and further to the support level of 1.0650 (the Kijun-sen line on the weekly chart).

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EUR/USD. Week Preview. Buckle up, price turbulence expected

The EUR/USD pair failed to consolidate within the 7th figure by the end of the past week: at the end of Friday, EUR/USD bulls organized a small but swift counter-attack, which led the price to rise to the level of 1.0804. The corrective pullback was due to a weakening of the US currency, which came under pressure against the backdrop of Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell's cautious rhetoric.

Powell suggested that the May rate hike could be the last in the current monetary tightening cycle. This unexpected plot twist surprised dollar bulls, afterwards the greenback fell across the market. Under other circumstances, this fundamental factor would have had a strong impact on the dollar for a quite long time. But under current conditions, Powell's dovish comments may take a back seat. The focus is on the political confrontation between Republicans and Democrats, as its failure to reach an agreement could lead to a default on the US national debt.

There is no doubt that this topic will be the "number 1 issue" for all dollar pairs. All other fundamental factors will take a back seat - including Powell.

Biden raises the stakes

Exactly one week ago - May 14 - the President of the United States announced that negotiations with Congress on raising the debt limit are "progressing," and more about their progress will be known literally "in the next two days". At the same time, he emphasized that he is optimistic about the prospects of reaching a compromise. In anticipation of the next round of negotiations, assistants to the US president and the Speaker of the lower house of Congress, Kevin McCarthy, began to form a "road map" to curb federal spending in order to resume negotiations on raising the debt limit.

The negotiations did take place - but ended in failure. The parties just "agreed to agree", but no more. Now the situation is up in the air. Another round of negotiations should take place after Biden completes his visit to Japan, where the G7 summit is being held. At the same time, he canceled his planned visit to Australia, which speaks volumes on the seriousness of the situation.

Important point: if the US president was initially optimistic about the negotiation process, today he has changed the tone of his rhetoric. For example, he stated that declaring a default is "personally out of the question" for him, but at the same time, he cannot guarantee that Republicans will not push the country into default by "doing something outrageous" (originally by Reuters agency - "Biden said he still believed he could reach a deal with Republicans, but could not guarantee that Republicans would not force a default by "doing something outrageous").

In this context, Biden called on Congress to work on the issue of raising the debt limit. He also emphasized that he would not agree to a bipartisan debt ceiling deal "exclusively on the terms of the Republicans". The US president expressed readiness to cut spending, but stated that he does not intend to fulfill all the demands of Republican congressmen.

The terrifying word: "default"

Judging by the escalation of the situation, a default no longer seems unthinkable. One can assume that Biden has decided to raise the stakes with his rhetoric before decisive negotiations, shifting the responsibility for possible default consequences onto the Republican party. However, in the context of forex traders' reaction, it doesn't really matter - whether it's a bluff or a real threat. Such statements from the US president are capable of significantly shaking the markets. Considering that the aforementioned comments were made during the weekend, dollar pair traders should prepare for a significant gap (in the case of the EUR/USD pair - a downward gap).

Overall, the upcoming week is packed with events. For example, on Monday, three representatives of the Federal Reserve (Bullard, Barkin, Bostic) will speak; on Tuesday, PMI indices will be published in Europe, and data on the volume of new home sales will be released in the US; on Wednesday, the minutes of the Fed's May meeting will be published along with a speech by European Central Bank President Christine Lagarde; on Thursday, data on the volume of pending home sales will be disclosed in America; and finally, on Friday, the most important inflation indicator - the core personal consumption expenditures index - will be published in the US.

But all these reports, as well as the speeches of Fed and ECB representatives, will remain in the shadow of the key topic of the upcoming week. The fate of the US national debt is the number 1 issue for dollar pair traders, so everyone will focus on its corresponding negotiations. Especially since there is not much time left until the "X hour": as the US Treasury previously warned, on June 1, the country's government may declare a debt default if Congress cannot raise the debt limit.

Conclusions

Under such fundamental circumstances, it is extremely difficult to predict the possible trajectory of EUR/USD. We can only assume that at the start of the new trading week, risk-off sentiments in the markets will rise again, and this fact will provide significant support to the dollar. In this case, the pair will return to the area of the 7th figure with a target at 1.0700. But everything will depend on the negotiation between Republicans and Democrats. If they do find common ground and announce an increase in the debt limit, the spring will unwind in the opposite direction - against the dollar (especially in light of Powell's recent statements). If the negotiation saga drags on until next weekend, the dollar will continue to gain momentum, acting as a beneficiary of panic sentiments.

Considering the previous statements of Republicans, Democrats, and Biden himself, the negotiations will be very challenging - therefore, dollar pairs may once again find themselves in the area of price turbulence.

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Hot forecast for GBP/USD on 23/05/2023

Throughout Monday, the pound was mostly stagnant, and this won't last for long, so the market will definitely come alive today. Especially since preliminary PMIs are scheduled for release. However, the forecasts for the UK are not optimistic. In particular, the services PMI is expected to fall from 55.9 to 55.3. However, the manufacturing PMI is likely to remain unchanged. Due to the services sector, the composite PMI is expected to fall from 54.9 to 54.7.

However, this will not lead to a significant decline in the pound. The situation in the United States is quite similar. Although the manufacturing PMI may increase from 50.2 to 50.3, the services PMI is likely to fall from 53.6 to 53.0. Therefore, the composite PMI will fall from 53.4 to 53.0. Considering the overbought condition of the dollar, weak US data will ultimately lead to an increase in the pound. Even If the UK releases weak reports.

The GBP/USD pair failed to enter a full-fledged recovery phase. The volume of long positions fell around the 1.2480 level, leading to a reversal.

On the four-hour chart, the RSI is moving in the lower area of the indicator, which may indicate a persistent bearish sentiment.

On the same time frame, the Alligator's MAs are headed downwards, confirming the corrective movement.

Outlook

The corrective cycle from the peak of the medium-term trend persists, as the downward cycle continues after a recent retracement. The volume of short positions will increase once the price stays below the 1.2390 level. Until then, the bearish sentiment may be replaced by a consolidation within the scope of the recent retracement.

The comprehensive indicator analysis in the short-term and intraday periods points to the downward cycle.

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Gold's rally pauses, with new surge on horizon

Gold's upward momentum has paused after this week's mixed performance. However, analysts remain optimistic and believe that gold will surge to new highs. Despite the current setback, unfavorable external factors continue to drive capital inflows into gold, bolstering its future ascent.

This week, gold had a mixed performance, regaining ground after a two-day decline.The anticipation of the Federal Reserve's May meeting minutes fueled the precious metal's growth. On May 24, June futures on the New York Comex exchange edged up by 0.27% to reach $1,979 per ounce.

The Fed meeting minutes revealed that most policymakers believe further interest rate hikes are unwarranted. Additionally, the FOMC economic outlook projected the economic climate will worsen, as well as tighter lending conditions. Although officials foresee a moderate recession, they expressed concern over persistently high inflation, which currently is well above the 2% target. If inflation's decline remains sluggish, additional monetary policy tightening may be necessary.

These developments, combined with a stronger US dollar, sent gold into a retreat. On the evening of May 24, June futures on the New York Comex exchange slid by 0.45% to settle at $1,965 per ounce.

Gold currently faces considerable pressure from the surging USD, which has created headwinds for the precious metal. This week, gold stepped back from its key multi-year highs of $2,063-$2,075. However, Credit Suisse analysts believe that gold will eventually break through to new record highs.

Several factors, including concerns surrounding the US debt ceiling, have hindered gold's ascent for the time being. It has temporarily retreated from its key resistance level of $2,063-$2,075, the highs it hit in 2020 and 2022. Nonetheless, this appears to be a temporary setback. According to Credit Suisse, the next support level for gold stands at $1,949. A breakout below this level could push XAU/USD down to $1892 per ounce.

However, after this correction, analysts at the bank anticipate a resurgence in gold prices, driven by declining real yields in the United States. This drop is expected to intensify by the end of 2023. In a bullish scenario, gold could rally to $2,075, signifying a breakthrough for the precious metal. This would open the way towards new highs, particularly the range between $2,330 and $2,360, as highlighted by Credit Suisse.

Currently, gold's rally has taken a breather, settling at modest levels. On May 25, the price of gold stood at $1,963, ready to surge higher. The recent decline can be attributed to the US dollar's advance. The US currency gained strength against other major currenices ahead of the release of US economic data.

Investors are closely monitoring the US GDP data, which are set to release on Thursday, May 25th. Early forecasts suggest that the US economy has grown by 1.1% in the first quarter of 2023, in line with an earlier outlook by the US Commerce Department.

The greenback upsurge has also influenced the precious metal significantly. It is worth noting that gold is sensitive to signals emanating from the Federal Reserve. The current monetary policies of the regulator, coupled with the performance of USD, have a tangible impact on the precious metal's price. Hawkish signals from the Fed lend support to the dollar, making gold more expensive for foreign buyers. Conversely, dovish comments from FOMC policymakers weigh down on the American currency, driving gold higher.

Currency strategists at Commerzbank remain convinced that gold will move higher, as mounting default risks in the US make the precious metal more attractive for investors. In the event of a default, gold would come to the forefront, emerging as the most popular safe-haven asset. The bank underscores that the Federal Reserve will have ample opportunities to reduce interest rates, offering gold a competitive edge over other safe-haven assets such as the US dollar, the Swiss franc, and the Japanese yen.

UBS and Bank of America are particularly bullish on gold, expecting it to rise up to $2,200 per ounce. UBS currency strategists believe that gold will hit that level by March 2024, whereas analysts at Bank of America expects that level to be reached by the end of 2023. A key driver behind gold's assured growth lies in its sustained high demand from central banks.

Experts argue that the rise in gold prices requires the dollar to slide down gradually. UBS forecasts suggest that over the next 6-12 months, the greenback will experience a modest decline as the Federal Reserve prepares to conclude its monetary tightening cycle. This view is shared by the Bank of America, which expects the Fed's rate hike cycle to end, as well as substantial gold purchases by central banks.

Another factor favoring a gold rally is the mounting risk of a recession in the United States. Further key interest rate hikes and a deteriorating economic situation in the world's leading economy are making an economic downturn in the US more likely.

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However, I can offer some general guidance on conducting market analysis. To stay updated with daily market analysis, you can consider the following steps: Use reputable financial news sources: There are various financial news websites, such as Bloomberg, Reuters, Financial Times, and CNBC, which provide comprehensive market analysis, economic news, and insights. Follow market analysis from reputable forex brokers: Many forex brokers offer daily market analysis reports, including technical analysis, fundamental analysis, and market commentary. You can explore the websites of reputable forex brokers and see if they provide such reports. Utilize trading platforms: Trading platforms often offer market analysis tools and resources within their platforms. These tools may include real-time market news, economic calendars, and technical analysis indicators. Join financial forums and communities: Participating in online forums and communities focused on forex trading and financial markets can provide you with insights and analysis from experienced traders and market participants. Consider subscribing to market analysis services: Some financial companies and analysts offer subscription-based services that provide daily market analysis, trade ideas, and research reports. These services can provide more in-depth adult life jacket and tailored analysis for your trading needs.

Edited by naveed123
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No progress in the negotiations on the U.S. debt ceiling. Markets are getting more nervous. Overview of USD, CAD, JPY

U.S. stock markets are down for the second straight day without any sign of an agreement on the debt ceiling, and the clock is ticking louder in anticipation of the "day of decision", which, according to current calculations, is set for June 1st, as confirmed by Treasury Secretary Yellen.

FOMC minutes reflect a somewhat contradictory nature of most comments. "Some" officials felt that additional tightening was probably warranted, while "some" concluded that it might be time to end the hikes. That's it, and understand it however you want.

Nevertheless, the futures market shows a weak momentum in favor of a more prolonged tightening. The probability of another rate hike on June 14th has reached 30%, and in July, it is already 44%, while expectations of the first cut have shifted to December.

Expectations for interest rates, albeit weak, are in favor of the US dollar, which continues to strengthen across the entire currency market.

On Thursday morning, Germany's GDP data for Q1 was published, which turned out to be noticeably worse than expected, causing EUR/USD to decline. This is another factor in favor of the dollar.

The main focus remains on discussions about the debt limit, and any specific details can sharply increase volatility.

USD/CAD

Bank of Canada Governor Tiff Macklem expressed concerns about inflation risks at the end of last week. Core inflation remains stable and shows no signs of decline, and the housing market is growing confidently, largely due to the highest migration rates to Canada among all developed economies.

The probability of the Bank of Canada reconsidering its decision to pause rate hikes, which was made in January, currently appears high. Scotiabank analysts expect that the rate could be raised as early as the next meeting in June. If these expectations are confirmed, the Canadian dollar will receive a strong driver for growth.

Speculative positioning on CAD remains consistently bearish, with a net short position of -3.2 billion at the end of the reporting week. The calculated price is below the long-term average, but there is no direction.

Trading continues near the mid-range values of the sideways range, without a clear direction, and there are currently no obvious reasons capable of causing a strong movement in either direction. A bit more likely is a movement towards the upper limit of the technical pattern at 1.3770/90.

USD/JPY

Bank of Japan Governor Kazuo Ueda delivered his first speech as the head of the central bank. He expressed a strongly dovish approach, giving no hints of any need for immediate action.

Regarding monetary policy, Ueda stated, "BoJ will patiently sustain the easy monetary policy." It appears that no adjustments to yield curve control are expected at the upcoming meeting on June 15-16, and expectations of possible changes are shifted to the next meeting on July 27-28.

It is also worth noting that the BOJ was the only major central bank that refrained from changing its monetary policy while others hastily raised rates to combat inflation. These efforts paid off as global inflation began to decline, and Japan experienced a decrease in external inflationary pressure without taking any action of its own. This reduces the need for the BOJ to take measures to change its policy.

The net short position on JPY increased by 0.3 billion during the reporting week to -5.9 billion, and the calculated price sharply increased, indicating the strength of the bullish momentum.

USD/JPY managed to update the previous local high at 137.92, and the yen reached resistance at 139.60 (50% retracement of the sharp decline from November to January), with the next resistance at the channel limit of 140.80/141.00. The main reason for the yen's weakness is that expectations regarding the BOJ's monetary policy change after the new leadership took office did not materialize, and now a downward reversal is possible only in the event of a sharp increase in demand for safe-haven assets or after a clear signal from the BoJ, which the markets do not expect before July.

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Positive news contributes to an increase in risk demand, and the dollar braces to strengthen. USD, EUR, GBP overview.

The main news of the weekend was the agreement on the US debt limit, which may serve as a basis for increased risk demand at the beginning of the week. The House of Representatives is expected to vote on Wednesday.

It was reported that the debt ceiling will be approved until the 2024 presidential elections. Non-defense spending will remain at current levels in 2024 and will increase by only 1% in 2025. This is a compromise between Republican demands for sharp spending cuts and Democratic intentions to raise taxes.

The aggregate short position in the US dollar decreased by 3.3 billion to -12.1 billion during the reporting week. Overall, sentiment towards the dollar remains negative, but the trend may have changed.

Long positions on gold have noticeably decreased by 4 billion to -31.7 billion, which is also a factor in favor of the US dollar.

The core PCE deflator increased by 0.4% MoM, which is slightly higher than the consensus forecast of 0.3%. Despite the faster-than-expected price growth, real consumer spending rose by 0.5% MoM, surpassing the expected 0.3%. The rise in the PCE deflator shows that the fight against inflation is far from over, with the 3-month annualized core PCE deflator at 4.3%, the same amount as a year ago in April 2022.

The combination of higher spending and faster price growth is expected to lead to the Federal Reserve raising rates in June. Cleveland Fed President Loretta Mester, commenting on the released data, stated that "the data that came out this morning suggests that we still have work to do."

The CME futures market estimates a 63% probability of a Fed rate hike in June, compared to 18% the previous week, making the strengthening of the dollar in the changed conditions more than likely.

Monday is a banking holiday in the US, so by the end of the day, volatility will decrease, and we do not expect strong movements.

EUR/USD

The European Central Bank maintains a firm stance on continuing rate hikes as part of its fight against inflation. Preliminary inflation data for the eurozone will be published on June 1st, and the forecast suggests a slowdown in core inflation from 5.6% to 5.5%. If the data aligns with expectations, it will lower the ECB rate forecasts and put more pressure on the euro.

The net long position on the euro decreased by 2.013 billion to 23.389 billion during the reporting week, marking the first significant decline in the past 10 weeks. The calculated price is moving further south, indicating a high probability of further euro weakening.

EUR/USD has declined to 1.0730, where support has held firm, but we expect another attempt to test its strength, which will likely be more successful. Within a short-term correction, the euro may rise to resistance at 1.0735 or 1.0830, but the upward movement is likely to be short-lived and followed by another downward wave. Our long-term target is seen in the support zone of 1.0480/0520.

GBP/USD

The decline in UK inflation is once again being called into question. The core Consumer Price Index rose from 6.2% YoY to 6.8% in April, with yields sharply increasing. The retail sales report for April, published on Friday, showed that the slowdown in consumer demand remains more of a goal than reality itself.

Retail sales excluding fuel increased by 0.8% MoM, significantly higher than the forecast of 0.3%. If it weren't for the sharp decline in energy demand, both the monthly and annual retail growth would have been noticeably higher than expected.

Monday is a banking holiday in the UK, and there are no macro data this week that could influence Bank of England rate forecasts. Therefore, the pound will be traded more in consideration of global rather than domestic factors. We do not expect high volatility or significant movements.

The net long position on the pound slightly decreased by 84 million to 899 million during the reporting week. The bullish bias is small, and the positioning is more neutral than bullish. The calculated price is below the long-term average and is downward-oriented.

The pound has moved towards the support zone at 1.2340/50, but the decline has slowed down at this level. We expect the pound to fall, with the nearest targets being the technical levels at 1.2240 and 1.2134. There is currently insufficient basis for reviving growth.

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Hot forecast for GBP/USD on 02/05/2023

Yesterday, the pound showed impressive growth. Similarly, the euro also showed significant gains. Considering that there was no macro data from the UK, unlike the eurozone, it is more accurate to say that the pound followed the euro. However, this growth contradicted all the macro data. After all, eurozone inflation slowed down significantly more than expected, while employment in the United States increased substantially more than anticipated. So, the dollar should have extended its growth. But the market went in a different direction, and the formal reason for this was the minutes of the European Central Bank's governing council meeting, which mentioned the possibility of more interest rate hikes.

However, the meeting itself took place before there were even rough forecasts for the current inflation. Just a couple of days ago, several ECB officials explicitly stated that the cycle of interest rate hikes may have come to an end. So, the rise of the euro and, along with it, the pound, goes against common sense. Unless we consider the excessive overbought condition of the dollar, which became the main reason why European currencies increased.

However, there is a high probability that today everything will return to the values at the start of yesterday's trading. Employment data clearly suggests that the content of the US Department of Labor report will be slightly better than expected. In particular, unemployment, which was expected to increase from 3.4% to 3.5%, may well remain unchanged. But if unemployment does increase, the dollar may continue to lose its positions, primarily due to the persistent overbought condition.

During the intense upward movement, the GBP/USD pair jumped above the 1.2500 level. This served as the primary signal of the pound's recovery process relative to the recent corrective move.

Due to the sharp price change, on the four-hour chart, the RSI reached the overbought zone, which indicates that long positions are overheated in the intraday period.

On the four-hour period, the Alligator's MAs are headed upwards. This indicates a shift in trading interests.

Outlook

In this situation, the sharp price change from the day before is a signal of the pound's overbought conditions in the intraday and short-term periods. The target level is set at 1.2550, around which the upward cycle slowed down, which reduced the volume of long positions and resulted in a stagnation. We can assume that the process of the pound's recovery will be temporarily interrupted by a pullback. However, if the price remains stable above 1.2550, speculators may ignore the technical signal of overbought conditions. In this case, the pair can rise towards the peak of the medium-term trend.

The complex indicator analysis in the short-term and intraday periods points to the pound' recovery process.

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